|The child as protagonist.
Children are strong, rich and capable. All
children have preparedness, potential, curiosity,
and interest in constructing
their learning, negotiating with everything their
environment brings to them. Children, teachers,
and parents are considered the three central
protagonists in the education process.
The child as
collaborator. Education has to focus on
each child in relation to other children, the
family, the teachers, and the community rather
than on each child in isolation. There is an
emphasis on work in small groups. This practice
is based on the social constructivist model that
supports the idea that we form ourselves through
our interaction with peers, adults, things in the
world, and symbols.
child as communicator. This approach
fosters childrens intellectual development
through a systematic focus on symbolic
representation, including words, movement,
drawing, painting, building, sculpture, shadow
play, collage, dramatic play, and music, which
leads children to surprising levels of
communication, symbolic skills, and creativity.
In this way, they make their thinking visible
through their many natural languages.