Reggio Emilia Approach
infant-toddler centers and preschools of Reggio
Emilia are internationally recognized as
an experience of particular cultural interest and
constitute a model of "relation space"
dedicated to young children.
Emilia approach was conceived, encompass and
implement the theoretical contributions of
thinkers including Dewey, Piaget, Vygotsky and
Bruner. Collaboration among children, teachers,
parents, and the community is highly valued and
the centers are open to all families regardless
of income and supported by the town.
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|This model was
conceived after World War II when the
women of Reggio wanted to build a school,
literally from the rubble of the devastated town.
The curriculum is based on close
observation and documentation of the
childrens ideas by the teacher who
co-constructs knowledge with the children. Their
ideology expanded and deepened and special roles
are given to the atelierista (helps children express
ideas) and the pedagogista (the teacher and
connector of teachers). Parents continue to be
engaged as partners in their childs
learning. The environment is used as a valuable
source of learning both to inspire, reflect, and
to promote the work of the children, which is
done in small groups.
This approach, whose esteemed founder/philosopher
was Loris Malaguzzi, is nowadays considered
one of the most avant-garde pedagogical
philosophy and rapidly became a subject of
interest, study, research and discussion among
teachers, educators, University researchers, in
Italy and throughout the world.
|The first foreign interest
in the Reggio experience was shown by
delegations of visitors from Cuba, Bulgaria,
Spain,Japan, Switzerland and France. An intensive
exchange with Swedish educators began in 1979,
leading to the showing of an exhibit enititled
" If the eye jumps over the wall" in
Stockholm in 1981, accompanied by a television
documentary on the Reggio experience produced by
Swedish TV. From here, the exhibit became
widely successful and the updated
current version called "The Hundred
Languages of Children" has been touring the
world for 15 years with a message of hope for
children and for their rights and potential.
international "notoriety" of the Reggio
poreschools exploded in 1991, when a panel of
experts commissioned by Newsweek
magazine identified the "Diana"
municipal preschool as the most avant-garde early
childhood institution in the world.
Other important recongnitions followed
immediately, as you can see in this page.
respond to these increasingly numerous and
pressing requests, the Reggio city administration
established in 1994 Reggio Children, to promote and
disseminate the theoretical and practical
experience developed in Reggio, as well as to
support the educational institutions around the
world, inspired by the "Reggio
Approach". You'll find schools
working along the lines of the Reggio Approach in
Sweden (Stockholm), in the USA
(Washington, California, etc.), in Thailand
(Bangkok), in Japan, in Australia,
these wonderful pictures from schools aroud the
1995 the European Union commissioned
Reggio Children to provide pedagogical
consultancy for the management of the
"Clovis" early childhood center in Brussels,
a daycare service for EU employees.
Also in 1995 Professor Jerome Bruner,
one of the most important authorities in the
field of contemporary psychological research, was
deeply impressed by his visit to the preschools
of Reggio Emilia and has established a
collaborative relationship with them to improve
educational systems internationally. Equally
important was the relationship with the Italian
Ministry of Education who officially recognized
the value of this innovative experience.
to external sites:
follows the Reggio Emilia approach, around the world: