Reggio Emilia Approach:
in Correggio, in the province of Reggio Emilia,
on February 23, 1920, Loris
Malaguzzi graduated with degrees in
Pedagogy from the University of Urbino and
Psychology from the CNR (Italian
National Research Center) in Rome.
As a young elementary school teacher, he began an
intensive parallel educational activity in 1946,
working with eight "people's nursery
schools"; in 1950 he founded
the Municipal Psycho-Pedagogical Medical center,
where he worked as a psychologist for over twenty
During the same period he continued to dedicate
himself to pedagogical activities within the
municipal early childhood education system.
As consultant for the Italian Ministry of
Education, director of the early
childhood magazines Zerosei and Bambini,
Malaguzzi founded the Gruppo Nazionale
Nidi-Infanzia in Reggio Emilia in 1980.
Conferences, seminars, joint research
projects with universities and foundations,
and the itinerant exhibit "The Hundred Languages of
Children" conceived by Malaguzzi, would take
him throughout Europe and to the United States
as the untiring promoter of an innovative and
creative philosophy of education.
In December 1991, the American magazine Newsweek
lauded the preschools of Reggio Emilia as the
"best in the world". Following this
recognition came the prestigiuos Ygdrasil-
Lego Prize (Denmark) in 1992 and
in 1993 Malaguzzi was given the Kohl
Award in Chicago (USA).
Malaguzzi died unexpectedly of a
heart attack in his home in Reggio Emilia on
January 30, 1994.